Bavaria

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Walhalla
Walhalla honors great Germans throughout history. Donaustauf, June 1989.



Donaudurchbruch
The Donaudurchbruch is the uppermost navigable point along the Danube. Kelheim, September 1994.



Landshut
Landshut. June 1991.



Wasserburg
Wasserburg am Inn. May 1992.



Altmühl
Boaters on the Altmühl. Eichstatt, September 1994.



Bayrischzell
Alpine landscape near Bayrischzell. May 1992.



Schliersee
Schliersee. May 1992.



Herrenchiemsee
Schloß Herrenchiemsee, another of the mad king Ludwig's castles, June 1989.



Berglern
Aerial view of Berglern, May 2000.



Chiemsee
Chiemsee, near Rimsting, May 2000.



Linderhof
Schloß Linderhof, one of the mad king Ludwig's castles, June 1989.



Introduction

Much of what we have to say about Germany also applies to Bavaria, which is the largest, and probably most popular German state. Bavaria has many distinct characteristics, though. Bavarian dialect is commonly spoken, and although "high-German" is always understood, some have difficulty speaking "high-German". If you know German, Bavaria may still be a challenge, especially in some rural areas.

The Kings of Bavaria

Maximillian I (1806-1825) was given the crown after siding with the European coalition in its conflict with Napoleon.

Ludwig I (1825-1848), Maximillian's son, was a generous patron of the arts, and courted many of Europe's great artists and architects. He was responsible for many of the great museums of Munich, such as the Glyptothek, Alte and Neue Pinakothek, the university, and the Propylea. After a scandal involving the Spanish dancer Lola Montez, he was forced to abdicate in favor of his son, Maximillian.

Maximillian II (1848-1864) founded the Bavarian National Museum in 1855.

Ludwig II (1864-1886) was without a doubt the most famous of the Bavarian kings. He bankrupted the kingdom building some of the most well-known tourist attractions in Bavaria: Schloß Neuschwanstein, Schloß Herrenchiemsee, and Schloß Linderhof. Tragically, he was mentally unstable, and in 1886 he was confined to Schloß Berg on the shore of Lake Starnberg. Soon after, he was found drowned in the lake.

Prince Luitpold, the son of Ludwig I assumed the Regency since Ludwig II left no heirs and the next in line (Otto, king of Greece) was also deemed mentally unbalanced.

Ludwig III (1912-1918), son of Luitpold, the last King of Bavaria, abdicated after the defeat of Germany in the First World War.