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The city of Lübeck, situated on an island in the Trave about 15km inland from the Baltic Sea coast, was at one time the most important city in the Hanseatic League. Its position allowed the city to capitalize on trade with Scandinavia and Russia. (Some other Hanseatic cities were Hamburg and Kampen.)
Today, the city has retained much of its medieval character, with many old restored brick buildings typical of northern Germany. When visiting Lübeck, be sure to take the boat tour around the old city. Also, be sure to stock up on marzipan, a popular specialty of the city. My family would never forgive me if I came home from a visit to Lübeck without a few boxes!