Queenston Heights is where the gorge ends, and the Niagara River flows out over the flat land below. Ten thousands of years ago, after the end of the last ice age, here is where you could find the falls.
The Niagara Peninsula was the site of many important battles in the War of 1812, between British North America and the United States. The tall monument commemorates Major-General Isaac Brock, who died in the Battle of Queenston Heights, October 13, 1812. Brock died while unsuccessfully defending Queenston Heights from invading American forces. Major-General Roger Hale Scheaffe arrived from Fort George, and attacked the position from the rear, trapping the invaders between his army and the escarpment. When over, almost 1000 American soldiers were taken prisoner, while the British forces lost only 28 men, with 77 wounded. The vistory was important in raising the morale of Canadians, and convinced them that they could successfully defend their country from the more powerful Americans.
One of the heroines of the war was Laura Secord (born September 13, 1775 in Barrington, Mass., died October 17, 1868 in Chippawa). After overhearing American officers dining at her home, she walked 30km from Queenston to Beaver Dams to warn British soldiers of a planned attack. Two days later on June 24, 1813, Indian soldiers ambushed the American invaders. Today, the name Laura Secord is best known as the name of a chain of confectionary stores.
From the heights, you get a nice view from the top of the Niagara Escarpment over the flat fields below.