The Trillium – The Floral Emblem of Ontario
Since 1937, the white trillium (Trillium grandiflorum) has been the floral emblem of Ontario. The flower can be found in wooded areas throughout the province in early May. Other candidates for the official flower of Ontario included the dandelion, Scotch thistle, orange lily, and shamrock.
(The white trillium is also one of two official flowers for the state of Ohio, since 1987.)
The name trillium derives from the arrangement of leaves, petals, and sepals, all in groups of three. The trillium is a perennial plant of the Trilliaceae family, sometimes classified as a subfamily of the Lily family.
Toronto, Canada. May 11, 2003.
A small patch of Trout Lilies (Erythronium americanum, in the Lily family) in Guildwood Park, a plant common in these woods and others in Southern Ontario. A Trout Lily plant consists of two mottled leaves and a single stalk holding a single small flower with three yellow petals and three brownish-yellow sepals. This wildflower is also known as Dogtooth Violet, but the plant is not a violet.
Trilliums and Other Wildflowers
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