Passenger List – R.M.S. Franconia

I was just given something I didn’t know was in our family’s possession: A copy of the passenger list for the R.M.S. Franconia, for it’s voyage across the Atlantic on December 13, 1950, carrying my father and grand-mother.

Here are scans of this passenger list. Please feel free to download these scans if they are useful for your research:

Cheers! Hans

A Wubbels Mystery

Much of genealogy research is simply slogging through records. A good index, such as WieWasWie, can make the task much easier, if not down right boring. But occasionally, we find a mystery that warrants a detour in our research.

When I found the death record for my third cousin three times removed Willemina Slats (1839-1908, Bredevoort), I noticed that the first informant was Gerrit Jan Wubbels, landbouwer, age 56. I have ancestors named Wubbels, many of which are in my database. However, Gerrit Jan was not already in my database. So of course, I needed to find out how he was related to my ancestors. Bredevoort isn’t a big town, so he must be related somehow, right?

The next step was to find information about Gerrit Jan. WieWasWie turned up some information. Gerrit Jan was born in 1852 in Bredevoort to Bernardus Engelbartus Wubbels (born 1825) and Janna Elisabeth Walvoort, married 1851 in Bredevoort. The parents of Bernardus were Jan Wubbels (born 1796) and Gesina Kampe (born 1806). Again, none of these people were in my database.

Finding information about Jan Wubbels and Gesina Kampe turned out to be a challenge. There was precious little about them apart from the birth and marriage records for their son. I tried different spellings of the names, but no luck. Finally, I turned to the bevolkingsregister, a register of people living in a particular place at a particular time. I knew that Jan Wubbels and Gesina Kampe lived in Bredevoort at the time of their son’s marriage in 1851, so I went to the bevolkingsregister for the 1850’s Bredevoort.

Reading through the bevolkingsregister isn’t easy since there’s no index and no meaningful order to the records. Going one by one through hundreds of records, I eventually found the pertinent record.

This record shows a family with parents Hendrikus Joannes Arnoldus Wubbels (born 25 Nov 1795) and Gesina Catharine te Kampe (born 13 Aug 1805). Bernardus Engelbartus Wubbels (born 17 Maart 1825) is listed as the first child. Clearly, this was the family I was looking for. For some reason, the birth record for Bernardus Engelbartus referred to his parents using their familiar names, and not their full formal names.

This record also shows why I hadn’t previously come across this family. The seventh column shows the religion of the person. In this case, their religion is listed as “R Cath“. As far as I know, all the other Wubbels in my ancestry are Protestant.

One mystery was solved, but others remain. I still don’t know the parents of Jan (Hendrikus Joannes Arnoldus) Wubbels. His death record doesn’t list them, and FamilySearch doesn’t host baptism records for the Catholic church in Bredevoort prior to 1798.

Cheers! Hans

Connections Between Two Families – Labots and van Zadelhoff

Readers of this blog know that I am fascinated by the vast web of interrelationships between people. In my own research, I often come across interesting connections and interrelationships. With more than 11,000 people in my database, many of them in a few specific places, finding these interrelationships is inevitable. That’s especially true for my ancestors and distant cousins in the town of Rheden, in southern Gelderland.

When seeking out the interesting interrelationships, marriage records are a good starting point since they include the names of the parents of the bride and groom. In some cases, where the parents are deceased, they may also include the names of grand-parents.

If I see a familiar surname in an in-law family, I usually invest a few minutes of time to dig a bit further using WieWasWie. Normally, I record birth, marriage, and death information for blood relatives and their spouses only. But if I see an additional connection to other people already in my database, I also record the B/M/D information for the people along that interrelationship chain.

In this missive, I show two connections between two lines of ancestors, the Labots’ and the van Zadelhoff’s.

As usual, red indicates ancestors and blue indicates other blood relatives. Most of these people lived in or near, or had some connection to Rheden.

The first connection I found was the marriage between my 1st cousin 3 times removed Johannes Labots (1853-1934) and my 5th cousin twice removed Derkje Janssen van Gaalen (1851-1926).

A few days later, I found another connection. my 4th cousin 3 times removed Jacoba Blankers (1835-1871) was married to Teunis van Engelenburg (born 1845). Teunis was the nephew of Jantje Willemsen (1802-1868) who was married to my 2nd great granduncle Johannes Labots (1804-1884).

Cheers! Hans

The Tangled Web In Rheden

A Bridge Between my Moll and van Sadelhof Ancestors

I was casually recording information about some distant cousins with surname Brouwer, descendants of my Moll ancestors, and I came upon one distant cousin named Christian Brouwer, born 1847 in Zevenaar.  As I sometimes do, I did some searching on his wife’s family.

Christiaan Brouwer was married to Cornelia Jurriens, born 1843 in Rheden, a place that was home to many other cousins and ancestors. Her mother was Johanna Belder, born 1811 in Velp, a village just west of Rheden. When I found a few other people with surname Belder in my database, I had to dig further. Quickly, I discovered connections between the Belder family and my van Sadelhof ancestors.

In this drop chart, red indicates my ancestors and blue indicates other blood relatives. Most of these people lived in Rheden or in neighboring villages such as Velp. (To follow along better, open the chart in a new window.)

First, I must note that as we go further back in time, the evidence becomes more and more sketchy. But we do the best we can with what we have.

Within the van Sadelhof family, we see a couple of cases of cosanguinuity (or marriage between cousins). In 1774, Antonij van Sadelhof (born 1747) married his second cousin Bartjen van Sadelhof (born 1748). And in 1790, Jan van Sadelhof (1754-1831) married his third cousin Hendrina Wamsteker (1773-1820).

Not shown in this chart, the first wife of Jan van Sadelhof was Jenneke Brouwer (born 1759 in Lathum). Her sister Fenneken Brouwer (1761-1801) married Jan’s brother Willem (1759-1831).

But let’s get back to the main theme of this posting, the bridge between my van Sadelhof ancestors and my Moll ancestors. Jan Belder (1745-1797) married twice. First in 1788 in Rozendaal to Anna Maria Ekses (died 1789), and then in 1790 in Lathum to Gardina Hermsen (born 1766 in Lathum).

From his first marriage, Jan Belder’s son Martien Hendrik Belder (1789-1849) married Hendrika van Sadelhof (1792-1858). And from his second marriage, Jan’s son Hendrik Belder (1793-1827) married Margrieta van Sadelhof (1791-1863). Both weddings occurred in 1812.

Jan Belder’s brother Cornelis Belder (1754-1832) was married in 1808 in Velp to Enneken de Winkel (1785-1866). These were the grand-parents of Cornelia Jurriens, mentioned back at the beginning of this tome, thus completing the bridge between the van Sadelhof’s and the Moll’s.

Some additional notes: Note that there’s another Belder, Teuntje Belder (1745-1799), who was married to a distant cousin, Willem Wamsteker (1717-1784). It isn’t yet clear if she is related to the other Belder’s in the chart. Also, the name Brouwer shows up a few times. Unless otherwise indicated, no relationship is known between them.

Anyways, this particular diversion opened up several new avenues of research, which I hope to get back to once I resume my research on the Brouwer’s.

Cheers! Hans


A Walk Through a Graveyard

It’s a popular theme that genealogists like visiting cemeteries and graveyards. If you see a bumper sticker that says “This car stops at all cemeteries”, you know you’re following a genealogist. That said, looking at gravestones is not really much use from a research point of view. Normally, if you visit a cemetery, you already know what you’re looking for. But occasionally, a visit to a cemetery can turn up some useful information.

I started genealogy back in 1992. Although I could immediately find ancestors in the LDS microfilms for the Dutch side of my pedigree, I seemed to hit nothing but brick walls on the German side.

In this post, I consider the mother of my paternal grandmother. Here’s the information I started out with, given to me by my father and grandmother: My great grandmother was Anna Schmidt from Satow, born May 17, 1877. She had a half sister named Marie Diederich who lived in Hohen-Luckow. Her maiden name was something like “Elerd”.

Church at Hohen-Luckow, 1992.

In the Spring of 1992, I visited these places in Germany. Hohen-Luckow is a small village south-west of Rostock, with a modest church. A few meters from the entrance to the church yard, I found this gravestone. Back home, I verified with my dad that Marie Elhers was indeed my great grandmother’s half-sister.

Gravestone for Werner Diederich.

So then it was back to the local LDS Family History Center. I searched the IGI and found a marriage record for Ernst Carl Josua Ehlers and Elisabeth Sophia Maria H Schmidt, dated May 13, 1880, in Satow. Assuming Ernst Ehlers was the father of Marie Ehlers, could Elisabeth Schmidt be my great great grandmother?

Since Anna Schmidt was supposedly born in Satow, I ordered the microfilm for the Satow church records. Unfortunately, the baptism record of Anna Schmidt wasn’t there. I did find the marriage record of Ernst Carl Josua Ehlers and Elisabeth Sophia Maria Hennerike Schmidt on June 4,  1880. But, if Anna Schmidt was the daughter of Elisabeth Schmidt, wouldn’t she have the name of her father instead of her mother?

I was getting rather discouraged by this line of research and was about to give up for the evening when I decided to have a look at the confirmation records on the film. There, I found a confirmation record dated March 22, 1891 for Anna Dorothea Frederike Schmidt born May 17, 1877, in Reinstorf, a village south of Satow. Certainly, this was my great-grandmother! Her mother was listed as Elisabeth Sophia Maria Hennerike Ehlers, nee Schmidt, of Satow. It is interesting that in all other confirmation records, the father of the child is listed. But in this case, the name of the mother is listed. Clearly, I was dealing with an illegitimate birth here.

I then ordered the microfilm for Reinstorf and found Anna Schmidt’s baptism record. As expected, it was an illegitimate birth – the name of the father is left blank in the record. Interestingly, in all other records where the name of the father is unknown, the entry states “Unbekannt“. Perhaps they knew full well who the father was? Perhaps this child would have been an embarrassment for him?

So now I had a definite handle on this branch of my ancestry, and was able to go back further through the microfilmed records. You can find more information on Anna Schmidt and her ancestors here.

Cheers! Hans

More Tangled Interrelationships in Arnhem

In my previous posting, I discussed some tangled interrelationships in the city of Arnhem, in the southern part of the province of Gelderland. Today, I continue the discussion. In the previous missive, I considered one line of descendants of Jan de Roos (1756-1810) and Evertjen Evers (1750-1791). In this, I look at some of their other descendants.

As before, blue indicates my distant cousins.

First, we have what I believe is the marriage between third cousins, Jan de Roos and Evertjen Evers. Their common ancestors (not shown) are Steven Berends van Sadelhoff and Hendrina Willems. However, this conclusion is based on secondary sources which I can’t confirm in the records publicly available. Of course, details get more and more sketchy the further back you go. So the best you can do is make your guess and document the reasons behind it.

The next thing to note is a connection between two separate ancestral lines, with the marriage of Lubbertus Moll (1812-1877) and Everdiena de Roos (1818-1894). Lubbert was my second cousin four times removed, and Everdiena was my third cousin four times removed. (Looking at their descendants in my database, I see some more tangles that I haven’t discussed yet in this blog.)

The Moll’s and de Roos’ both also have a common connection to an in-law family, the descendants of Pouwel Baerents and Mechtelijna van Someren. On the Moll side, it’s with the marriage of Lubbert Wander Moll (1802-1886) and Megchelina Raadman (1815-1893), the grand-daughter of Pouwel Baerents.

On the de Roos side, the Baerents’ have numerous connections to the de Roos’. First, note the marriages between two de Roos siblings with two Berends’ siblings. Two generations later, there’s yet another marriage.

Anyways, it’s back to the research. There are always still unexplored alleys in this adventure.

Cheers! Hans


Tangled Interrelationships in Arnhem

Face it, genealogy can be boring. Sometimes, I get bored after processing just a few birth, marriage, or death records. But there are times when things get interesting, and I can’t wait to see what comes up next in my research. That happens typically when I see the same surname crop up multiple times, or when I see a surname I’ve come across before. I can’t resist digging further to see if there’s a connection.

For the past few weeks, I’ve been researching distant cousins in the Arnhem area with surname de Roos.  The following photo shows the notes I’ve taken during this time, five pages of drop charts mapping out the tangled interrelationships.

There’s too much information to cram into one post, so today I’ll concentrate on just one page, the page at the lower left, where I started this particular line of research.


In this drop chart, blue indicates distant cousins. While researching the inlaws of my third cousin four times removed Jan de Roos (1821-1886), I noticed the name van Grootheest appearing multiple times. It turned out that Jan’s daughter Johanna WIllemina de Roos (1862-1915) married her first cousin Willem Hendrik Nikkel (1852-1928). Their common grandparents were Willem Hendriksen van Grootheest (1796-1872) and Maartje Willemsen van Grootheest (1786-1841). With the same surname, I had to find out if those two were cousins.

I quickly found the names of their fathers. But the trail turned cold. Hendrik Petersen van Grootheest (1767-1833) and Willem Petersen v Grootheest (1753-1824) were both born in Bennekom. However, did not have the church records for that village. I then did a Google search, which turned up some genealogies indicating that the two were brothers, with father Peter Hendriksen.

I don’t like citing secondary sources, so I asked on-line if the church records for Bennekom were somewhere on-line. I quickly got the answer that the records were indeed on, and could be reached through the web site

Very grateful, I then easily found the baptism records I was looking for. It turned out that there was a different mother listed on the two baptisms: Maartjen Hendriksen and Willemtjen Tijmensen. There were several possibilities: First was that one of the names on the baptisms was incorrect. Not likely, but I have seen cases like that. Second, there could have been two people named Peter Hendriksen in Bennekom. Third, and most likely, was that Peter Hendriksen was married twice. I needed to dig a bit further.

So here’s the vital piece of evidence, the marriage banns record showing Peter’s second marriage in 1757:

There are a couple of lessons from this: First, if you don’t find what you’re looking for on, check out Second, although secondary sources may be helpful, don’t fully trust them. Go to the primary sources.

Cheers! Hans

Researching My Boldt Ancestors

I started researching my ancestry back in the early 1990’s. Back then, the best way to do the research was by poring through microfilmed civil and church records at the local LDS Family History Centre. But often, other resources must be used.

Half of my ancestry was easy to uncover, since the LDS had microfilms for the Netherlands up to 1902. After finding birth records for both of my Dutch grandparents, going back further was clear sailing. However, the German side of my pedigree was not so easy. In this essay, I’ll discuss how I got a handle on my Boldt ancestors.

From documents in the possession of my grandmother, I knew that my great grandfather, Heinrich Christoph Hans Boldt, was born in 1873 in the village of Hindenberg in the former Grand-Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a predominately rural region on the Baltic Sea coast.

Unfortunately, the LDS microfilms for that particular parish stopped at 1871. Fortunately, I did find a baptism record for a Wilhelmine Johanna Elisabeth Boldt born 1870 in Hindenberg. Her parents were Johann Joachim Hans Boldt and Marie Catharina Dorothea Wulff. I proceeded under the assumption that Wilhelmine was my great grandaunt.

From this information, I was able to go further back through several generations of Boldt’s. However, the evidence was circumstantial. I still didn’t have that smoking gun proving a connection between Heinrich Boldt and these other Boldt’s. Five years later, however, I got the evidence I needed.

In the Spring of 1997, Sylvana and I took a trip to Europe, with visits to some of the places where my ancestors lived, including Hindenberg, a nondescript rural village of no more than a couple dozen houses and agricultural buildings surrounded by yellow fields of rape-seed flowers.

We left Hindenberg heading north on an unmarked back road, and within minutes came upon the parish church at Kirch-Grambow. It’s a typical church for that part of Germany, red bricks, red tile roof, and a steeple clad in gray slate, surrounded by pine trees with a grave yard on both sides. We quickly found several gravestones with the name Boldt, so we knew we were in the right place.

Since there was no one around, we decided to return on the following Sunday. We arrived shortly after the service started. Since there were no more than a dozen people in the church, our arrival drew the attention of the young minister who stopped what he was doing and came back to greet us and show us to our pew. He asked if either of us could play organ. He pointed out a new organ in the loft at the back of the church, but unfortunately, they had no one who could play it.

It was a pleasant service. Without anyone to play the organ, the minister led the hymns a capella. His sermon was a gentle admonition on taking life one day at a time, an appropriate topic I thought for people still getting used to a new political and economic reality in a recently reunited Germany. Although he had a small attendance at his service, this young, fresh out of seminary minister clearly enjoyed his rural posting.

After the service, the minister showed us around. I told him I was interested in researching my ancestors, some of whom were baptized in that church. We asked to see the church records, and he readily agreed.

At the parish office, he pulled out a stack of books, some going back to the late 1600’s. I didn’t need to touch the really old books, but I couldn’t resist a peak inside the oldest one.

Quickly, I found what I was looking for, the baptism record of Heinrich Boldt. And yes, as suspected, his parents were indeed Johann Boldt and Marie Wulff. I finally had the vital evidence linking my great grandfather to another four generations of Boldt’s going back to 1735.

We spent a couple hours more searching through the records, and found the baptism records for my grandfather, Hans Wilhelm Joachim Boldt (born 1900), as well as a number of other Boldt’s.

One more thing about the church at Kirch-Grambow: The parking lot at the church was circled by a dozen rough-hewn stones, one for each village in the parish, each with the names of soldiers killed during the First World War. The stone for the village of Hindenberg listed two names, Ludwig Boldt and Martin Boldt. These two brothers were half second cousins of my grandfather. Both were killed and buried in France.

Genealogy is a lengthy process, often requiring patience and diligence. But for most of us, the records are out there, waiting to be uncovered.

Don’t Cite My Site!

For decades, I’ve made the results of my genealogy research public via my website. I think that’s a necessary aspect of the whole endeavor. I want people to take advantage of my research. In my opinion, it is fundamentally wrong to do all the work and keep it to oneself.

Now and then, I come across information on the internet that clearly originated in my research. Sometimes, it’s clear since it’s an older version of my results. But lately, I’ve seen cases where my website,,  is cited in someone else’s work.

On the one hand, it’s good to see my work being credited. And it’s good to see other people citing their research.

But on the other hand, this is not correct. Wherever possible, you should cite primary sources in your research, not secondary sites like mine. We all know what the difference is. A primary source is something like a civil registration record or a baptism book, written by an official within days or hours of the event. Secondary sources include published genealogies or history books.

We all take advantage of research done by others, and that’s fine. But in a secondary source, there’s always the chance of errors slipping in. I’ve certainly found a goodly number of errors in published genealogies, in print and on-line. That’s why it’s standard practice in my own research to cite only primary sources wherever possible. And use trusted secondary sources only when the primary document is not available.

For researching ancestors from the Netherlands and Mecklenburg in particular (my specific areas of interest), most primary documents are on-line. When I include a fact in my database, I normally download and edit the scanned image of the primary source record, and include that image in the citation. When Gramps produces the website for my data, it includes all data, including the primary source images.

So please do use the information on my website. But don’t cite Instead, download the images and cite them in your research.

To remind people, I even added a note at the bottom of each page of my genealogy site:

Note: If you find this information useful, do not cite this web site. Instead, cite the primary sources listed here. Feel free to download the images and include them in your own database.

Cheers! Hans

Tangled Webs in Nijkerk

Looking back at my posts in this blog, I haven’t done one of these drop charts in almost two years. First, it takes a bit of work to create one of these charts. But also, I haven’t found much in the way of tangled inter-relationships in my research. About a year ago, I signed up with Ancestry and spent some time on the German side of my family. However, the records for Mecklenburg-Schwerin on Ancestry only go back as far as 1876, and so I soon exhausted their resources. Later, I spent a few months researching distant cousins in the Achterhoek region of Gelderland, but without finding very many tangles.

But once done there, I turned my sights back to Nijkerk, where many of my ancestors lived. My great grandfather Gerrit Moll (1849-1929) was the first Moll born in Nijkerk, but his wife Geertje Beukers and most of her ancestors lived in the town for generations.

This chart explores the inter-relationships between my ancestors and a couple of other families, in particular, the van den Pol family and the van Dronkelaar family. In this chart, ancestors are marked in red. Blue indicates other blood relatives. (It may help to open the image in a new tab or window.)

Let’s start at the left side of the chart. We see my second cousins three times removed Wouter van Werkhoven (1823-1891) and Rengertje van den Pol (1840-1918) married respectively to Evertje van Dronkelaar (1838-1912) and Wolbertus van Dronkelaar (1845-1922). Wouter and Rengertje were first cousins, and so were Evertje and Wolbertus.

The rest of the chart is more complicated. There are five cases of a distant cousin married to a member of the van den Pol family, all descendants of Jacob van den Pol (1770-1860) and Aaltje Koppen (1781-1865):

  1. Gerrit van den Pol (1807-1877) and my first cousin four times removed Aaltje van Werkhoven (1804-1853), married 1939.
  2. Gijsbert van den Pol (1824-1893) and my second cousin three times removed Aaltje van Woudenberg (1821-1897), married 1848.
  3. My second great granduncle Lubbert Beukers (1822-1896) and Hendrina van den Pol (1824-1877), married 1850.
  4. My third cousin twice removed Evert van den Pol (1851-1938) and my great grandaunt Antje Beukers (1853-1934), married 1883.
  5. Jacob van den Pol (1826-1913) and my second cousin three times removed Geurtje van Woudenberg (1823-1885), married 1848,

It is interesting that, although there are many tangled inter-relationships in this chart, there is only one case of cosanguineous marriage, between second cousins once removed Evert van den Pol and Antje Beukers. Their common ancestors are Evert Teunissen and Aaltje Aalts, at the top of this chart.

I’m not done with this area of research, and so there may be more interesting tangles to discover.

Cheers! Hans